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The Special Constabulary is the United Kingdom's part-time police force. It is made up of volunteer members of the public who when on duty wear a uniform and have full police powers. There are nearly 20,000 Specials serving with police forces across the UK, working in all aspects of policing.

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BBC: Brexit: Campaigners to demand new vote in London march

Brexit: Campaigners to demand new vote in London march 23 June 2018 Related TopicsBrexit Image copyright EPA Image caption Anti-Brexit campaigners are a regular sight outside Parliament Anti-Brexit campaigners who want the public to have the final say on the UK's departure will take to the streets later to argue it is "not a done deal". The London march comes on the two year anniversary of the 2016 vote to leave. People's Vote, which wants a referendum on any exit deal, said people must make their "voices heard" about the damage of leaving next year without agreement. But Brexiteer cabinet minister Liam Fox said Theresa May was "not bluffing" when she said this could happen. The international trade secretary told the BBC it was in the interests of both sides to have a deal but it was "essential" the EU understood that the UK would walk away if the terms offered were not good enough. Meanwhile in the Sun, Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson warned the prime minister not to allow "bog roll Brexit" that is "soft, yielding and seemingly infinitely long" - calling for a "full British Brexit" instead. The UK voted to leave the EU by a margin of 51.9% to 48.1% in a referendum held on 23 June 2016. Brexit: All you need to know Reality Check: Will there be a Brexit dividend? As it stands, the UK is due to leave on 29 March 2019, 46 years after it first joined the European Economic Community, the forerunner to the EU. But the People's Vote campaign says this should only happen if the withdrawal deal negotiated by Mrs May and the other 27 EU members is approved in another public vote. Saturday's demo, which will begin in Pall Mall and culminate outside the Houses of Parliament, is part of a "summer of action" by campaign groups designed to increase pressure on Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn. Take control' Both the prime minister and Labour leader have rejected calls for another public vote, saying the will of the people expressed in the 2016 ballot is clear, although many Labour MPs now want another referendum. Speakers at the event, which organisers say is expected to be the biggest anti-Brexit march to date, will include actor Sir Tony Robinson and Gina Miller, who fought a successful legal battle last year to ensure the UK could not trigger talks on leaving without the approval of Parliament. Image copyright PA Image caption Gina Miller and Sir Tony Robinson will be among those to address the march Organisers say people "from all walks of life" will be present, including farmers, doctors, teachers, delivery drivers, students, fishermen and veterans, demonstrating the "growing popular demand" for another vote. By taking the UK out of the EU's single market and customs union, they say the Conservative government "remains intent" on a so-called hard Brexit that will destroy jobs and damage public services. Labour MP Chuka Umunna, who will join Lib Dem leader Sir Vince Cable and Green Party leader Caroline Lucas among those who will address the crowds, said momentum was building behind calls for the public to decide on the final the terms of exit. Brexit: Your guide to EU jargon Why is Brexit taking so long? "With the negotiations in chaos, the government making a total mess of Brexit and with Parliament paralysed, now is the time for people to take back control of the process," said Mr Umunna. The government is giving Parliament a vote on the final deal, if one is reached, in the autumn - but it remains unclear what will happen if they reject it. 'People's Brexit' Ministers insist the prospect of leaving the EU without any agreement remains firmly on the table. "The prime minister has always said no deal is better than a bad deal," Mr Fox said in an interview with the BBC's political editor Laura Kuenssberg, which was recorded on Wednesday - before Friday's warning from Airbus that it might cease manufacturing in the UK in such a scenario. Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionTheresa May 'not bluffing' over no-deal Brexit - Fox "It is essential as we enter the next phase of the negotiations that the EU understands that and believes it... I think our negotiating partners would not be wise if they thought our PM was bluffing." Urging the EU to show more flexibility in talks over its future relations with the UK, Mr Fox said the failure to reach a mutually satisfactory deal could have a "severe" impact on countries like the Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands, key markets for British trade. "That cannot be what the EU 27 really want to see," he said. "This ultimately has to be about a people's Brexit, not a bureaucrats' Brexit." Reflecting on events since the referendum, he said warnings during the 2016 campaign of "economic Armageddon" if people voted to leave had been unfounded and the UK had been given a "very big vote of confidence" since then by foreign investors. But Labour said Mr Fox's comments about a no-deal Brexit were the "height of irresponsibility". "The next time Liam Fox parrots the slogan no deal is better than a bad deal he should give some thought to the 14,000 people who work for Airbus, and the thousands of other people who have jobs dependent on trade with Europe," said shadow Brexit minister Jenny Chapman. BMW joins Airbus in Brexit warning In his interview in the Sun, Mr Johnson said people "just want us to get on with it". "They don't want a half-hearted Brexit. They don't want some sort of hopeless compromise, some perpetual push me-pull you arrangement in which we stay half-in and half-out in a political no man's land," he said. Meanwhile, in the Daily Express, Brexit Secretary David Davis said the UK's departure from the EU was going to be "fantastic" and the prime minister was going to get a "good deal" from Brussels. He added that Britain is at an advantage in world trade because English is "the best language in the world for doing commerce, science and medicine and so on". View the full article

Stopped driver 'lifted policeman by nostrils', court told

A drink-driver put a policeman in a headlock and lifted him by the nostrils after being pulled over, a court heard. David Bull, 37, is accused of using "savage levels of violence" against two officers in Tavistock, Devon. He put Sgt Dave Clarke in the "choking headlock" and dislocated another officer's knee, Plymouth Crown Court heard. Man accused of assaulting Devon officer 'suffering PTSD'

Under Attack - Assaults on NHS Staff Rises - National Health Executive

A matter close to me given my better half works in the NHS and has been the victim of assault/abuse a fair few times in her service - we've discussed this topic before but every year there seems to be no end to this story, another rise in assaults against NHS workers with little end or joined up working in sight to combat this very complex problem and with the closure of NHS Protect body I cannot see this improving either. Most on here know my feelings on this but I firmly believe enforcement should be boosted with a professional organised effort to either further empower security protecting these sites OR establish some form of 'body of constables' dedicated to the protection of NHS staff, patients and property inline with private police forces currently in existence here and seen abroad (New York being a good example.) This topic usually leads to a lively debate and thought it would be good to share, I know mental health cop tackled this issue a few years ago.

Hull police officer James Ross sacked for putting woman in arm lock after 'she assaulted him'

A Hull police officer has been sacked for putting a woman in an arm lock after she allegedly assaulted him while he was on duty.

Medical Cannabis Could Be Legalised, Announces Sajid Javid

Medicinal cannabis use to be reviewed by government 19 June 2018 Image caption Billy Caldwell and Alfie Dingley both have severe epilepsy The use of cannabis for medicinal purposes is to be reviewed, which could lead to patients being prescribed drugs made from the plant, Home Secretary Sajid Javid has said. The decision was prompted by recent high-profile cases of children with severe epilepsy being denied access to cannabis oil to control seizures. He said the position "we find ourselves in currently is not satisfactory". But he stressed the drug would remain banned for recreational use. Shadow home secretary Diane Abbott welcomed the announcement, telling MPs that it was "long overdue". Boy discharged after getting cannabis oil Cannabis delay for epileptic boy 'cruel' Speaking to the House of Commons, Mr Javid said the cases of Alfie Dingley and Billy Caldwell had made him conclude it was time to review the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes. He also announced that six-year-old Alfie, who has a very rare form of epilepsy that causes up to 150 seizures per month, was being issued with a licence to receive cannabis-based drugs. His family had originally applied to the government in April, saying his condition improved after using it in the Netherlands Meanwhile, Billy, 12, was granted a 20-day licence for the drug last week after doctors made clear it was a medical emergency. He was admitted to hospital after his seizures "intensified" when his supply was confiscated at Heathrow airport. His mother Charlotte Caldwell, who has campaigned for the government review, said it was a "clearly largely positive" announcement but added "we still want to hear the details". Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionAndy McDonald said parents were "living through the same fears" he had experienced The review would be held in two parts, Mr Javid told MPs. The first will make recommendations on which cannabis-based medicines might offer real medical and therapeutic benefits to patients. In the second part, the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs will consider whether changes should be made to the classification of these products after assessing "the balance of harms and public health needs". He said: "If the review identifies significant medical benefits, then we do intend to reschedule." But he added: "This step is in no way a first step to the legalisation of cannabis for recreational use." View the full article

BBC: Cannabis war 'comprehensively lost', says William Hague

Cannabis war 'comprehensively lost', says William Hague 19 June 2018 Image copyright Reuters Former Conservative leader Lord Hague has called for a "decisive change" in the law on cannabis - suggesting that the Tories should consider legalising recreational use of the drug. Writing in the Daily Telegraph, he said "any war" has been "irreversibly lost". Lord Hague goes further than senior Tories who have suggested a law change after a boy with epilepsy was given a special licence to use cannabis oil. The government is creating an expert panel to look into individual cases. Last week officials at Heathrow Airport confiscated Billy Caldwell's cannabis oil, which the 12-year-old's mother Charlotte had been attempting to bring into the UK from Canada. The Home Office returned some of the medicine after protests from Ms Caldwell, and assurances from the medical team treating Billy that the treatment was necessary. Billy was discharged from hospital on Monday, but will continue to be treated with the oil. Reality Check: Does UK export the most legal cannabis? Most UK cannabis 'super strength skunk' Lord Hague said the episode "provides one of those illuminating moments when a longstanding policy is revealed to be inappropriate, ineffective and utterly out of date". By returning the medicine, the Home Office had "implicitly conceded that the law has become indefensible", he said. Lord Hague said licensing cannabis for medical use would be a "step forward", but also said the Conservatives should be as "bold" as Canada where state-regulated recreational consumption is being considered. 'Multi-billion pound black market' Currently, cannabis is a Class B drug, with penalties for possession of up to five years in prison. Lord Hague's remarks mark a significant change of heart - as Tory leader between 1997 and 2001, he called for a tough approach to drug law enforcement. Image copyright Reuters Image caption Lord Hague said Billy Caldwell's case was an "illuminating moment" But in a message to his party colleagues, he said: "We are pragmatists, who change with society and revise our opinions when the facts change. On this issue, the facts have changed very seriously and clearly." "As far as marijuana, or cannabis, is concerned, any war has been comprehensively and irreversibly lost," he said. It was "nothing short of deluded" to think the drug could be driven off the streets, and he compared ordering the police to crack down on its use to "asking the army to recover the Empire. This battle is effectively over". He said the fact that cannabis was both illegal and widely available effectively permitted "the worst of all worlds" to arise: encouraging more potent and dangerous variants of the drug, with users reluctant to seek help. "The overall result is the rise of a multi-billion pound black market for an unregulated and increasingly potent product, creating more addiction and mental health problems but without any enforceable policy to do something about it. "The only beneficiaries are organised crime gangs. It is absolutely unacceptable to allow this situation to continue." In his article, Lord Hague said under successive governments it has been assumed that there has been little alternative to trying to win a war on drugs, cannabis included. He said: "Taking an alternative view has been regarded as indicating a tendency to weird, irresponsible or crazily liberal opinions. "It's time to acknowledge facts, and to embrace a decisive change that would be economically and socially beneficial, as well as rather liberating for Conservatives in showing sensible new opinions are welcome." 'Useful medical properties' Many other countries, including much of the US, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, have legalised the use of medicinal cannabis. Boy discharged after getting cannabis oil Epileptic boy gets cannabis oil back 'Law not right' on medical cannabis use On Monday, asked about the Billy Caldwell case, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said it was obvious the government was not "getting the law on this kind of thing right" and suggested a review would take place "as quickly as possible". The government is creating an expert panel to look into individual cases where the use of medicinal cannabis has been recommended. Asked later about the government's position, Prime Minister Theresa May said there was a "very good reason" for the current rules on cannabis - "because of the impact that they have on people's lives". She said a system was already in place for medicinal use, and that government policy would be driven by "what clinicians are saying". Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionCannabis oil row: Mother calls for drug to be legalised In suggesting the recreational use of cannabis should be made legal, Lord Hague has gone further than his fellow senior Conservatives who are only calling for a change in the law on the use of medicinal cannabis. On Sunday, Sir Mike Penning, who chairs an all-party parliamentary group looking at medical cannabis, said the Caldwell case proved the existing laws were "bizarre and cruel", and added that "fundamental reform of the system" was needed. Fellow Conservative Crispin Blunt MP, co-chair of the all-party parliamentary group on drug policy reform, said the existing law was "frankly absurd". Ex-Tory health minister Dan Poulter said the current situation was "ridiculous" and pledged to push for a law change. Raising an urgent question on the issue in the Commons on Monday, Gower MP Tonia Antoniazzi said there were two children - aged six and one - in her constituency who have a serious life-limiting condition and could "benefit hugely" from medicinal cannabis. Other MPs also raised cases, while the shadow home secretary Diane Abbott said the current system - even with the new expert panel announced - is "simply not fit for purpose" and called for the legalisation of cannabis oil for medical use. Cannabis and the law Cannabis is a Class B drug - it's illegal to possess, give away or sell, including for pain relief. The penalty for possession is up to five years in prison. Supplying attracts a sentence of up to 14 years imprisonment and an unlimited fine. According to Home Office statistics, cannabis was the most commonly used drug in the UK in 2016-17, with 6.6% of adults aged 16 to 59 having used it. That's about 2.2 million people. View the full article

Tory MP Sir Christopher Chope blocks proposed upskirting law to cries of 'shame'

15 June 2018 Image copyright Getty Images An attempt to make upskirting a specific criminal offence in England and Wales has been blocked by one Conservative MP. The government had given its support to a change in the law earlier. But Sir Christopher Chope shouted "object" to the bill, leading to cries of "shame" from other MPs. The campaign for the bill against upskirting - when photos are secretly taken under a skirt - was started by victim Gina Martin. I was a victim of upskirting - but I'm fighting back Live Nation exec filmed up women's skirts The private member's bill, brought to the House of Commons by Liberal Democrat MP Wera Hobhouse, would have made upskirting a criminal offence in line with other voyeurism offences - meaning offenders could face a maximum of two years in prison. It was expected to pass after the Ministry of Justice earlier showed its support. But the rules in Parliament mean it only requires one MP to shout "object" to block a bill's progress. Ms Hobhouse has asked for her bill to return to the House on 6 July. 'I was upskirted at the bus stop' Image copyright Getty Images Debbie was 17 when a man came and sat down next to her at a bus stop, and then started moving closer towards her. She says: "I was aware something wasn't quite right, but every time I turned around he pretended to be looking out towards the road where the bus was coming from. "You don't always have the confidence to say something, so I stood up and walked away. "But when I turned around to look at him he was holding up his mobile phone. It was a video of my bum - he had been trying to video up my dress." Read more about Debbie's story and other upskirting victims Ms Martin started the campaign after two men took a picture up her skirt while she was at a concert in London's Hyde Park last July. Police said they were unable to prosecute as the picture was not graphic enough because she was wearing underwear. As there is no law specifically naming and banning upskirting in England and Wales, victims and police are currently only able to pursue offences of outraging public decency or as a crime of voyeurism. The new law would change that, bringing it in line with other voyeurism offences. It would also allow, in the most serious cases, those convicted to be placed on the sex offenders register. Media playback is unsupported on your device Media caption"He was laughing": Three women tell the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire about their experience of upskirting View the full article

A man has been jailed for 20-years after systematically targeting police officers, police staff, a solicitor and judge.

A man "obsessed with revenge" against the legal system after losing a court case has been jailed for 15 years. A police raid on the Halifax home of Ashkan Ebrahimi in October 2015 discovered chemicals, swords, crossbows and high-powered air rifles. Evidence was also found that the 33-year-old had visited the home addresses of police officers and the judge involved his case. West Yorkshire Police said Ebrahimi planned on "harming a police officer". The force said he became "obsessed with revenge" after a court granted his former partner a non-molestation order, which led to him being separated from his young child. "The effects of this action sowed the seeds of a deep hatred of the police that grew exponentially from that moment," a police spokesman said. "He believed that the police were committed to destroying his life and set about seeking to take extreme violent action against them." Image copyrightWEST YORKSHIRE POLICE Image captionA police raid on his Halifax home recovered a stash of weapons and chemicals He was arrested after concerns were raised by Calderdale College, where Ebrahimi had enrolled on an adult GCSE science course, about his unusual interest in chemicals and wanting to develop a science lab at home. A large amount of chemicals were recovered from his address, along with an extensive collection of weapons, police said. His mobile phone had vehicle registration numbers of the cars and photographs of the homes of people involved in his case. Image copyrightWEST YORKSHIRE POLICE Image captionWest Yorkshire Police said Ebrahimi planned on "harming a police officer" An analysis of his sat-nav showed he had visited the address of the judge who had issued the order, as well as the addresses of police officers and the solicitor of his former partner. He had searched the internet on the use and effects of chemicals and how police officers are protected when not at work. Ebrahimi, of Oak Lane, Halifax, was found guilty at Bradford Crown Court of possessing explosives with intent to endanger life, possession of an offensive weapon, possession of a bladed article in a public place, and stalking offences. He was given an extended five-year licence period on top of his prison sentence.

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